Here are some explanations that will help you to see a little clearer in particular for your training after the ba c .
=> The General Trades
• First cycle: License
The license cycle is divided into three years of study (L1, L2, L3). Once the tray is in your pocket, you can enter the first year. To obtain the license, 180 credits must be obtained during these six semesters of studies. These credits are a unit of value common to all European countries applying the LMD , which allows you to do part of your studies abroad.
• Second cycle: the Master
After obtaining a license, you can continue your studies with a master’s degree that takes place in two years (M1, M2). This one will lead you to a level bac + 5 if you obtain the 120 credits necessary to its validation.
This diploma allows you to complete the knowledge acquired in a degree course, but above all to specialize in a particular field according to your professional objective.
• Third cycle: Doctorate
This cycle takes place in three years after the research master. Once your subject of study is chosen, it must be validated by your research director. After acceptance, a long research work will allow you to develop and write your thesis. Opportunities relate mainly to the teaching and research sectors.
• Intermediate degrees.
Deleted by the LMD reform , you still have the possibility to obtain the diplomas of DEUG and Master’s degree from your university after an L2 (for the Deug) and a M1 (for a master’s degree) validated. For example, they are required to enter certain public service competitions .
=> The University Diploma (DU)
Unlike other diplomas awarded by universities, the DU (Diplôme Universitaire) is not part of the traditional scheme . It is the only one not subject to authorization from the Ministry of Higher Education, it is issued directly by a French university, unlike the other diplomas that are issued on behalf of the Ministry. As a result, the ED does not have to be recognized at the national level.
Each DU is unique in relation to another; Its duration, its curriculum, its cost are all elements that vary according to the universities.
Like their very special status, the DU are often meant to illustrate an innovative or even innovative training that is unique to each university. Recognition in the labor market will thus depend mainly on the number of years of study and the field concerned.
=> Professional pathways.
Less theoretical, vocational training is also offered at the university. They have a good reputation among recruiters and enable them to enter the workforce more quickly.
• The DAEU
The Diploma of Access to University Studies confers the same rights as the baccalauréat!This Second Chance Diploma is prepared for the university and allows the student to pursue his / her studies towards higher studies or to prepare competitions for the public service or to integrate vocational training organizations or schools into The paramedical and social fields for example. Two branches: scientific or literary. This diploma is part of continuing education. www.daeu.fr
• DEUST (Diplomas of Scientific and Technical University Studies)
These two-year diplomas have a limited number of places to work in small groups. Similar to the BTS and the DUT, they offer the possibility of undertaking an internship in a company and train top technicians able to integrate directly into the labor market. These diplomas are designed to meet the local needs of recruiters.
• DUT (University Diploma of Technology)
Accessible after the baccalauréat, the DUT is a professional training which is prepared in two years. The training takes place within the Institute of Technology ( IUT ) and prepares for technical and vocational supervision in certain sectors of production, applied research and services. Close to the university’s general education system, IUTs offer students specialization options. At the end of the diploma, you can also continue your studies in a professional degree.
• Professional licenses.
The professional license is accessible after two years of studies in license , DUT or BTSand is prepared in one year. Intended for students who do not wish to pursue their studies , it allows them to acquire specialization and additional experience to increase their chances of entering the labor market.